Epi 08 What is a fair start

What is a fair start

Two Principle

  1. Equal basic liberties
    Freedom of speech, freedom of assembly and freedom of liberty

  2. Difference principle
    only those social and Economic inequality is only allowed that work to the benefit to the least well-off

    The distribution of income and wealth and opportunity should not based on morally arbitrary factors

Meritocratic system

The arbitrary distribution of income and wealth and opportunity should not influence the starting point

John Rawls: the fairness system should go beyond the Meritocratic system

::Change the terms on which people are entitle the fruits of the exercise of those talents::

People may benefits their fortunes but only works to the benefit to the least well-off

Rawls
Even the efforts can be arbitrary based on the family circumstance from which we can claim no credits for

What do we deserve

Objections to Difference principle

  1. What about incentives?
  2. What about effort and moral desert?
    • We can claim credit from family circumstances
    • You don’t really believe in effort is the basis of moral desert but rather the contribution the basis of moral desert
  3. What about self-ownership?

Moral desert and entitlements to legitimate expectation

::Distributive justice is not a matter of Moral desert but rather Entitlements::

We are entitled to the benefits for the exercise of our talents, but it is mistake and conceit to suppose that we deserve in a society that values and prize the talents we happened to have

Two morality at stake

  1. The problem about effort and moral desert?
  2. I live in a society that happens to prize my talent

#Note

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